Day 1 :
Indian Council of Medical Research, India
Rahul Hajare has been a hard worker all his academic life. After his Ph.D in Pharmacy from Bangalore which he completed with flying colours, he is fortunate to work NARI primer HIV research Institute to complete Post Doc of World Renowned Scientist Respected Dr. R.S.Paranjape., Retired Director & Scientist ‘G’ National AIDS Research Institute Pune. Dr. Rahul Hajare has Associate Professor of Medical Chemistry to Pune University (until 2020), he has serviced three times Associate Professor in Pharmaceutical Science and Analytical Science. Dr. Rahul Hajare now Principal of Ishwar Deshmukh Institute of Pharmacy affiliated to council of India.
Phone sex has a safe and easy way to keep the spark in a relationship alive and remain free from infection. Infection has higher side. When everyone knows has practising social distancing and self-isolation where does that leave sex? The country has in a lockdown. People have to keep themselves confined to their homes; it doesn't preclude the possibility of sex. It has unrealistic to believe that during the lockdown; billions of people won't give in to their most primal desire and abstain from lovemaking. The lockdown has intended to keep people confined to their homes; what they do inside is their own business. The threat posed by COVID-19.
She is working in the Department of Paediatrics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi.
Background: The role of vitamin D in neonatal late onset sepsis, especially in preterm gestation, remains to be confirmed.
Objective: To study the association of maternal and neonatal serum vitamin D levels with late onset neonatal sepsis in neonates.
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in out-born unit of department of paediatrics of Safdarjung hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital, from November 2018 to March 2020. 160 neonates with clinical sepsis or and culture proven sepsis were included in study group and 160 neonates without sepsis were enrolled as matched control (for gender & postnatal age), after informed consent. Vitamin D level (25 OH D) was assessed in neonates and their mothers in both groups.
Results: Neonatal 25 OH vitamin D level in study group (20.95±18.37 ng/ml) was significantly lower than in control group (25.09±16.21 ng/ml) (p=<0.001). Mothers of septic neonates had significantly lower 25 OH vitamin D level (25±16.21 ng/ml) than mothers of control group (29.86±14.13 ng/ml) (p=0.001). A Markedly lower neonatal vitamin D level was detected in winters in both study group (13.57 ng/ml) and controls (20.81 ng/ml). 38 (23.8%) cases died due to sepsis. Mean vitamin D level of cases was 13.93 ng/ml which was significantly lower than discharged septic neonates (23.31 ng/ml).
Conclusions: Neonates with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency are at higher risk for developing late onset sepsis. Lower vitamin D levels in mothers is also associated with increased risk of late onset sepsis in neonates.
King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia
Alshammari has completed his PhD at the age of 26 years from Dammam University and postdoctoral studies from Dammam University School of Medicine. He finished his saudi board pediatric residency program and completed his fellowship in Neonatology in King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh. He is own working as neonatologest in Maternity and Childhood hospital in Saudi Arabia
Background: ABO blood group incompatibility occurs in 15-20% of all pregnancies and 10% of those develop hemolytic disease. Transcutaneous bilirubin screening use is increasing but still not widespread.
Aims: To compare neonatal outcomes of DCT positive and DCT negative infants born to blood group O positive mothers. To evaluate the effect of neonatal blood group on the severity of hemolysis and neonatal jaundice due to maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility. To investigate the value of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement and first serum bilirubin in predicting the development of significant hyperbilirubinemia later in the first few days in infants with ABO incompatibility
Methodology: One year retrospective review of infants with blood group A and B positive born to Blood group O positive mothers with gestational age of > 33 wks. at birth.
- There were significant difference in the incidence and severity of hyperbilirubinemia and hemolysis between DCT negative and positive infants
- Infants with blood group B positive had more severe hemolysis as evidenced by need for PT, IVIG therapy and the duration of hospital stay
- Estimation of TCB after birth is useful in predicting which infants will develop severe hyperbilirubinemia
Ryan Zia Arslaan is student of 3 year General Medicine Studying in Karaganda Medical University, Kazakhstan. He worked on publications related to coronavirus and aimed to continue it.