Neonatology and Perinatology

Neonatology deals with prevalently sick or untimely new-born's. Kids with a birth imperfection or is conceived rashly, are treated in the NICUs and helped by a neonatologist amid conveyance and the consideration of the new-born child. A neonatologist tends to unpredictable and high-hazard environment that a general pediatrician may not be very much prepared to deal with it.

Perinatology is a subspecialty of obstetrics concerned with the care of the fetus and complicated, high-risk pregnancies. Perinatology is also known as maternal-fetal medicine. Since the perinatal period, depending on the definition, starts at the 20th to 28th week of gestation and ends 1 to 4 weeks after birth, perinatology logically could be an obstetrical and Pediatric subspecialty but, in practice, it is part of obstetrics. The comparable area of Pediatrics is neonatology. A high-risk baby might be cared for by Perinatologists before birth and by a neonatologist after birth.

Neonatology vs. Perinatology:

  • Neonatology focuses on the medical care of newborns, while perinatology addresses the health of expectant mothers during pregnancy.

  • Example: A neonatologist provides specialized care for a premature baby in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Caring for Preterm Babies:

  • Caring for preterm babies involves specialized medical attention and support to help premature infants develop and thrive.

  • Example: Preterm infants may require incubators and respiratory support in the NICU to ensure their survival and health.

Perinatal Health for Expectant Mothers:

  • Perinatal health focuses on the well-being of expectant mothers during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period.

  • Example: Regular prenatal check-ups, a balanced diet, and managing gestational diabetes contribute to perinatal health.

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